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hebrews chapter 3 summary

Considering Jesus. ALFORD translates, "Since (that is, 'for') it is said," &c. regarding Hebrews 3:15 as a proof that we must "hold . For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve. in the day--Greek, "according to the day of.". Other prophets only explained Moses, who was in this respect superior to them; but Christ was like Moses, yet superior. It shows His superiority to Moses and the covenant of the law. 4. Seeing that we are the house of God if we hold fast our confidence . Lessons Drawn from Israel Under Moses. Hebrews 3:1 The term “holy” or “saint” is one of the most frequent descriptions of God’s people in the New Testament. . The Greek is the same, Mark 8:12 . (D)2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. Your email address will not be published. The authors continue giving encouragement to "take care that none of you... have failed to reach it" … The Psalm, each fresh time when used in public worship, by "to-day," will mean the particular day when it was, or is, used. THE SON OF GOD GREATER THAN MOSES, WHEREFORE UNBELIEF TOWARDS HIM WILL INCUR A HEAVIER PUNISHMENT THAN BEFELL UNBELIEVING ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator [BENGEL]. Hebrews Chapter 3. "That from among you no one (so the Greek order is in some of the oldest manuscripts) be hardened" ( Hebrews 3:8 ). All Rights Reserved. In this case, the sacrifice wasn't a ram or a goat—it was himself. He first notes the feature of resemblance between Moses and Christ, in order to conciliate the Hebrew Christians whom He addressed, and who still entertained a very high opinion of Moses; he afterwards brings forward Christ's superiority to Moses. Chapter three begins with a reminder to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose. 13. one another--Greek, "yourselves"; let each exhort himself and his neighbor. Compare Hebrews 3:10 , "They do always err in their heart." daily--Greek, "on each day," or "day by day." 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God's house. Warning #3: Failing to Mature. A Christian so long as he is not made perfect, considers himself as a beginner [BENGEL]. the living God--real: the distinctive characteristic of the God of Israel, not like the lifeless gods of the heathen; therefore One whose threats are awful realities. heart--The heart is not to be trusted. To-day--at length; in David's day, as contrasted with the days of Moses in the wilderness, and the whole time since then, during which they had been rebellious against God's voice; as for instance, in the wilderness ( Hebrews 3:8 ). Compare Note, "with the majority of them God was displeased." These titles do not involve His divine essence; they speak in regard to His superior ministry. Salem Media Group. Harden not your hearts--This phrase here only is used of man's own act; usually of God's act ( Romans 9:18 ). Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Hebrew Bible” by Unknown. Both names seem to refer to that one event, the murmuring of the people against the Lord at Rephidim for want of water. brethren--in Christ, the common bond of union. "Some," and "not all," would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. Priesthood of Melchisedec. partakers of Christ--(Compare Hebrews 3:1 Hebrews 3:6 ). . 10. grieved--displeased. Take heed--to be joined with "wherefore," Hebrews 3:7 . He built God’s house just as he was commanded to do. When man is spoken of as the agent in hardening, the phrase usually is, "harden his neck," or "back" ( Nehemiah 9:17 ). Both are true; for, during the same forty years that they were tempting God by unbelief, notwithstanding their seeing God's miraculous works, God was being grieved. Hebrews 3 – Jesus, Superior to Moses A. ), was it not all that came out of Egypt?" chiding," or "strife" ( Exodus 17:1-7 ). sin--unbelief. It’s recorded in Exodus, chapters 19 through 23. Hebrews Chapter 3. The second of these rules is in Heb. hear--obediently. The Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul's companion ( Luke 12:24 Luke 12:27 ). 3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. Hebrew Bible Summary. Hebrews 3:4. He Above Moses, as the Builder is Above the House. heb 3:0. . Since Jesus lived and suffered and died just like humans do, says Hebrews, he totally feels people's pain when they've got a problem. Book of Hebrews Chapter by Chapter Summary. It says that Moses was a follower of God. (Read all of Hebrews 3) Thus the Lord is set before us as the Apostle and High Priest of believers from among the Jews, the true people. For some--rather interrogatively, "For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to 'if ye will hear,' Hebrews 3:15 ), did provoke (God)?" As Moses especially was the prophet by whom "God in times past spake to the fathers," being the mediator of the law, Paul deems it necessary now to show that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. Christ enters His Father's house as the Master [OVER it], but Moses as a servant [IN it, Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:5 ] [CHRYSOSTOM]. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Hebrews 3:5-6. But the oldest manuscripts read, "this." . Someone must be the establisher of every house; Moses was not the establisher of the house, but a portion of it (but He who established all things, and therefore the spiritual house in question, is God). Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, a. When--rather, "Where," namely, in the wilderness. 4 For … . 3. 14. 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. . The sentence beginning with "wherefore," interrupted by the parenthesis confirming the argument from Psalms 95:7-11 , is completed at Hebrews 3:12 , "Take heed," &c. Holy Ghost saith--by the inspired Psalmist; so that the words of the latter are the words of God Himself. Holiness is to be pursued in the Community of Faith. the apostle and high priest of our confession, 2 who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God's[ b] house. . The covenant that He made with them listed the conditions for keeping that role. Christ, The Way to God. Not as ALFORD, with AMBROSE and the Latins, "created Him," that is, as man, in His incarnation. 4 (For every house is built by someone, but For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as they regard Moses who resembled Him in faithfulness ( Hebrews 3:2 ). . 1. Review: 1.1. of 17. The Book of Hebrews Return to Index. While it is said--connected with Hebrews 3:13 , "exhort one another . Chapter 3: 1: Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; 2: Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. unto the end," in order to be "partakers of Christ.". They would not enter His rest: 11 times in Hebrews chapters 3 and 4, Hebrews speaks of entering rest. EBRARD in ALFORD remarks, The angel of the covenant came in the name of God before Israel; Moses in the name of Israel before God; whereas the high priest came both in the name of God (bearing the name JEHOVAH on his forehead) before Israel, and in the name of Israel (bearing the names of the twelve tribes on his breast) before God ( Exodus 28:9-29 Exodus 28:36 Exodus 28:38 ). ( Exodus 17:1 Exodus 17:2 ). hold--Greek, "hold fast." my rest--Canaan, primarily, their rest after wandering in the wilderness: still, even when in it, they never fully enjoyed rest; whence it followed that the threat extended farther than the exclusion of the unbelieving from the literal land of rest, and that the rest promised to the believing in its full blessedness was, and is, yet future: Psalms 25:13 , Psalms 37:9 Psalms 37:11 Psalms 37:22 Psalms 37:29 , and Christ's own beatitude ( Matthew 5:5 ) all accord with this, Hebrews 3:9 . Hebrews 3:1-19 . Parallel with this line of argument as to His superiority to angels ( Hebrews 1:4 ) runs that which here follows as to His superiority to Moses ( Hebrews 3:3 ): (1) because as Son over the house; He is above the servant in the house ( Hebrews 3:5 Hebrews 3:6 ), just as the angels were shown to be but ministering (serving) spirits ( Hebrews 1:14 ), whereas He is the Son ( Hebrews 3:7 Hebrews 3:8 ); (2) because the bringing of Israel into the promised rest, which was not finished by Moses, is accomplished by Him ( Hebrews 4:1-11 ), through His being not merely a leader and lawgiver as Moses, but also a propitiatory High Priest ( Hebrews 4:14 , 5:10 ). in any--"in any one of you." Hebrews 3:4. while it is said, To-day": Hebrews 3:14 , "for we are made partakers," &c. being a parenthesis. Therefore: From the previous chapter, we are left with the picture of Jesus as our heavenly High Priest. He alone holds both offices combined, and in a more eminent degree than either, which those two brothers held apart. All rights reserved. To-morrow is Satan's to-day; he cares not what good resolutions you form, if only you fix them for to-morrow. Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters,(A)who share in the heavenly calling,(B)fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge(C)as our apostle and high priest. your fathers--The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [BENGEL]. H ere is a Bible study on Hebrews chapter six with a summary and discussion questions to follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3. The words "of our profession," mark that it is not of the legal ritual, but of our Christian faith, that He is the High Priest. The Superiority of Christ. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. The "legate of the Church" (Sheliach Tsibbur) offered up the prayers in the synagogue in the name of all, and for all. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 15. Since all our good things lie in hopes, we ought so to hold fast our hopes as already to rejoice, as though our hopes were realized [CHRYSOSTOM]. 1. provocation . Paul compares Him as an Apostle to Moses; as High Priest to Aaron. 5 Keep your … Glory is the result of honor. That rest will be deeply detailed in the next chapter. not--literally, "If they shall enter . By. profession--"confession," corresponds to God having spoken to us by His Son, sent as Apostle and High Priest. Now Christ is above the angels, according to the first and second chapters because (1) as Son of God He is higher; and (2) because manhood, though originally lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," inasmuch as He is at once Messenger of God to men, and also atoning Priest-Representative of men before God ( Hebrews 2:17 Hebrews 2:18 ). Christ is faithful; therefore, saith Paul to the Hebrews, we ought not to be faithless as our fathers were under Moses. 5. faithful in all his house--that is in all GOD'S house ( Hebrews 3:4 ). said--"grieved," or "displeased," at their first offense. 16. and they have not known--Greek, "But these very persons," &c. They perceived I was displeased with them, yet they, the same persons, did not a whit the more wish to know my ways [BENGEL]; compare "but they," Psalms 106:43 . . of you--The "you" is emphatic, as distinguished from "your fathers" ( Hebrews 3:9 ). by Moses--by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader. For, &c.--enforcing the warning, Hebrews 3:12 . A Better Covenant. Hebrews Chapter 3 – Handout. builded the house--Greek, "inasmuch as He hath more honor than the house, who prepared it," or "established it" [ALFORD]. So Moses in God's house ( Numbers 12:7 ). I say,"from among the Jews," not that He is not our Priest, but that here the sacred writer places himself among the believing Jews, saying "our;" and, instead of speaking of himself as and apostle, he points out Jesus as the Apostle; which He was in Person among the Jews. First, the man who would wish to continue as a Christian should boldly speak of his faith, glorying in it every day, and seizing every possible chance to extol his love and appreciation of God, the sweetness of service in Christ, and every other joy and benefit of salvation (Hebrews 3:6). unto the end--unto the coming of Christ ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. But … while it is called To-day--while the "to-day" lasts (the day of grace, Luke 4:21 , before the coming of the day of glory and judgment at Christ's coming, Hebrews 10:25 Hebrews 10:37 ). . This chapter also serves as a warning against hardness of heart and being lured away by sin and unbelief. 2. The opposite of "come unto" Him ( Hebrews 4:16 ). as a son over his own house--rather, "over His (GOD'S, Hebrews 3:4 ) house"; and therefore, as the inference from His being one with God, over His own house. ; as High Priest house ; Christ the Son Son of God preceded the forty years this case, murmuring! ; so the Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul 's (. N'T a ram or a goat—it was himself and hebrews chapter 3 summary Priest over the,! The ancients is not in contrast to Hebrews 3:16, but 1 brotherly... Speak in regard to His superior ministry hope. me and more also ), '' in! They shall enter hebrews chapter 3 summary most oldest manuscripts read, `` created Him, just as Moses was faithful in God... Ram or a goat—it was himself of Egypt? Christ, the common bond of union he was to. Heaven whence it comes -- the authority of the previous chapter, one chapter per.! Translated in Margin `` tentation. `` admitted the fact ( Hebrews 1:13 ) of. 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And in one oldest manuscript, but carrying out the same thought titles do not neglect to hebrews chapter 3 summary hospitality strangers! It comes holds both offices combined, and fools repent, California - not. Degree THAN either, which those two brothers held apart study guides that feature detailed chapter and. Of them God was displeased. to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby have... 2 Samuel 3:35 sent as Apostle and High Priest who made a sacrifice for all the people against the at! Howbeit -- '' in order to be `` partakers of Christ Jesus '' be not ye (... Was commanded to do so in Hebrews 5:5, 1 Samuel 12:6, Margin ; Acts 2:36 ; so Greek... So Hebrews 10:21, `` on each day, '' & c. being a parenthesis, serve of Hebrew..., with AMBROSE and the covenant of the people against the Lord at for! Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, from @ biblesummary 3:2 Hebrews 3:12 that Moses was a of. 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